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What feminism is?

                                                                                        By; Palwasha Azam

What Feminism is ?

   Feminism is a collection of political movements, social movements and ideologies that defend the political, the economic, the personal and the social rights of women.

   Feminist movements aim at achieving and establishing equality between women and men. 

   Feminists act, speak, write and advocate on behalf of women's issues and rights and identify injustice to females in the social status quo.

What Feminism is Not? 

   Feminism is not the belief that women are superior 

   Feminism is not hating men (misandry)

   Feminism is not male oppression

Waves of Feminism 

   The history of the feminist movements is divided into three "waves". 

   The first wave refers to the movement of the 19th through early 20th centuries, which dealt mainly with suffrage, working conditions and educational rights for women and girls.

   The second wave (1960-1980) dealt with the inequality of laws, as well as cultural inequalities and the role of women in society.

   The third wave of feminism (1990-2000) is seen as both a continuation of the second wave and a response to the perceived failures.

First Wave of Feminism 

 First-wave feminism involved a period of feminist activity during the 19th and early 20th centuries, especially in Europe and in the United States. 

   Women’s suffrage (the right to vote) 

   The right to education

   Better working conditions

   Marriage and property laws

   Reproductive rights

Second-Wave Feminism

 Second-wave feminism is a period of feminist activity and thought that first began in the early 60s in USA and spread all over the western world and beyond.

   Raising consciousness about sexism and patriarchy 

   Raising consciousness about gender based violence, domestic abuse and marital rape 

   Inequalities in the workplace

   legalizing abortion and birth control 

   Sexual liberation of women

Third-Wave Feminism

The third wave of feminism (1990-2000) arose partially as a response to the perceived failures of second-wave feminism 


   The diversity of "women" is recognized and emphasis is placed on identity, gender, race, nation, social order and sexual preference 

   Changes on stereotypes, media portrayals and language used to define women. 

   Sexual identities


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